Semien Mountain, UNESCO’S world heritage site, found in the northern part of the country, formed some Six hundred million years ago, the mountains were an enormous volcanic mass; rain and ice have carved deep fissures into them and rivers have continued the work of erosion, creating an incredible landscape: peaks and deep gorges.
Semien Mountain Treks have been organized in for the last three decades. In the Simien mountains, the attractions include spectacular views from the northern escarpment, the presence of the endemic Walia ibex, gelada baboon and Ethiopian wolf, as well as Ethiopia’s highest peak, the 4543-meter (14901 feet) high Ras Dashen (locally known as Ras Dejen), outside the park to the east.
The Semiens are the most rugged mountains on the African continent; its Massif is one of the major highlands of Africa, rising to the highest point in Ethiopia, Ras Dejen (4,520m). Although in Africa, and not too far from the equator, snow and ice appear on the highest points and night temperatures often fall below zero. The Semien Mountains, north of Gondar, provide an excellent trekking area with a good infrastructure of equipment provision and guide facilities in place.
This park has spectacular views and a large variety of wildlife, including baboons, ibexes, Ethiopian wolves and birds of prey such as the rare lammergeyer, a huge vulture. The park is made up of a rocky massif, which slopes down to grasslands – the massif is cut by streams and gorges.
The national park has three general botanical regions. The lower slopes have been cultivated and grazed, while the alpine regions (up to 3600m) are forested. The higher lands are mountain grasslands with fescue grasses as well as heathers, splendid Red Hot Pokers and Giant Lobelia.
The park was created primarily to protect the Walia Ibex, a type of wild goat, and over 1000 are said to live in the park. Also in the park are families of the Gelada Baboon and the endangered Ethiopian Wolf
It is a home of many rare species of animals, Gelada or bleeding heart baboon, the Walia Ibex, Ethiopian Wolf and rock hyrax and Over 50 species of birds have been reported in the Simien Mountains.
The Semien Mountains can easily be combined with a tour on the Historic Route. Visitors with little time can fly from Addis Ababa to Gondar, some 100 km from the entrance of the park at Debark.
Bale Mountain Treks
Bale Mountain Treks gives you opportunities for unsurpassed mountain walking, horse trekking, scenic driving and the changes to view besides staggering number of bird species, many of Ethiopia’s endemic mammals like Mountain Nyala and Ethiopian wolf.
Bale Mountains National Park is situated at 425 kilometers south-east of Addis Ababa, The Bale Mountains offer guided wilderness trekking amidst juniper woodlands, across the largest Afro alpine moorlands, over rugged and breath-taking mountains, and through thick tropical forest. The diversity of habitats, scenery, and wildlife is awe inspiring. It is one of those special places in Ethiopia where visitors can see rare and endemic wildlife, appreciate the tranquility of their natural surroundings, and find themselves far from the densely populated cities and towns.
Bale Mountain Trekking can be adapted to meet the requirements and physical abilities of almost any person – from fairly gentle and undemanding trips to more extreme and physically challenging ones.
Visitors are free to horseback ride or hike between campsites. Most trekkers make the journey with a mixture of walking and riding as this provides a varied experience in the mountains – plus climbing to an altitude of over 4000 m above sea level can be tiring.
All levels of horseback riding experience can be catered for – the local mountain horses come in a variety of personalities from gentle to high-spirited; thus no prior riding experience is required.
Surma Treks extraordinary place to visit with superb scenery and colorful culture fascinating costumes, colorful ceremonies and celebrations, crafts, music and dance of Surma people along with the natural forests in the western part.
Piercing and lip plates are a strong part of the SURMA culture. At the point of puberty most women have their bottom teeth removed in order to get their lower lip pierced. Once the lip is pierced, it’s then stretched and a lip plate is then placed in the hole of the piercing.
Having a lip plate is a sign of beauty and the bigger the plate, the more cattle the woman is worth. This is important when the women are ready to get married.
The unmarried man plays stick fighting known as DONGA and being a winner will be considered as hero and by girls valued highly during their mate selection besides having many herds of cattle
The surma villages along the hills will a glance of astonishing customs and ceremonies to experience for trekkers while they walk on the hot temperate surma chain hill.
Surma Trekking Tours can range from a day trip to a two week expedition, from traveling 5 or 10 km per day to 25 km per day.
Every night can be spent in a different campsite, or one can choose to explore a particular area for more than a day Tour and travel to Ethiopia experts will select the best route depending on the time you have available, your sightseeing interests, and the amount of physical energy you would like to exert.